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大红鹰MG花花公子【sofiycn.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。东莞屹匝科贸有限公司(原青岛铱灰商贸有限公司)成立于1996年,占地面积77009平方米,优德app下载官网其中生产厂房占地9322平方米,仓库面积占地2132平方米。固定资产1228万元,流动资产4800万元,干部职工共701人,工程技术人员19人。大红鹰MG花花公子ByWuZhenjun,DRCTaskForceonPoliciesofIssuesofAgricultureResearchReportNo32,oductsBygivingplaytothecharacteristicsoftheresourcesandadvantagesoftheproductivebasesofitsdifferentregions,theprovinceofYunnanhasgivenscashcropsreached42millionmuin2010(15mumakeonehectare)andanoverallarrangementofrawmaterialbasesofcompetitiveagriculturalprod,theprovincehascementedandenhanceditscompetitiveindustrieswithtraditionalcharacteristics,suchastobacco,,,000tons,rank,~~20milliontons,withboththecultivatedareaandtheoutputmakingup16%orsoofthenationaltotal,,,%ofthenationaltotal,rankingtopinthecountry,andtheteaoutputhadreached207,000tons,%ofthenationaltotal,,theprovincehasacceleratedthed,thecultivatedareaofflowersinYunnanreached581,000mu,rankingfirstinthecountry,andtheoutputoffreshcutflowersrankedtopinthecountry,,thecultivatedareaofcoffeeinYunnanreached646,000mu,withaproductionof49,000tons,makingupmorethan99%and98%recentyears,thenumberofleadingenterprisesofagricultureindustrializationhasincnhavebeenbroughtupandtheg,thenumberofleadingenterprisesofagricultureindustrializationreached2012inYunnanandthenumberofvariouskindsoffarmproduceprocessingenterprisesabovethedesignatedsizereached1,omeinvolvedindistinctiveandcompetitiveindustries,fosteringenterpriseclusterswithdistinguishingfeatures,theto,344foreignenterprisesandover400enterprisesfromotherprovinceshavecometoYunnanforcultivation,breedingandprocessingofagriculturalproducts,whichwillfurtherpromotetheoveralllevelofthelorganizationlevelThenumberoffarmersprofessionalco-operativeorganizationshasincreasedrapidlyinYunnaninrecentyears,,thenumberoffarmersprofessionalco-operativeorganizationswidelyscatteredinvariousagriculturalindustries,suchastobacco,sugarandcoffee,hadincreasedto10,,,thenumberoffarmersprofessionalcooperativesregisteredatindustrialandcommercialauthoritieshadincreasedto7,lightoftheguidingprincipleof"VigorousGovernmentMotivation,CorrectMarketGuidance,ImpetusbyLeadingEnterprisesandActiveParticipationbyFarmers",theprovinceofYunnanhasdevotedmajoreffortstostartingtheconstructionofagriculturalstandardizationsyste,Yunnanhadformulatedandpromulgatedatotalof1,152localagriculturalstandardsandcriteria,,Yunnanhasconstructedatotalof134standardizationdemonstrationprojects,chcompetitiveanddistinctiveagriculturalindustriesascoffee,silkworm,flowers,youngforestplantsandspiceoil,,Yunnandevelopedatotalof4,658tobaccocooperativesand240,000productionhouseholds,,%oftheprovincialtotal,andrealized100%,suchprefecturesandmunicipalitiesasLincang,Dehong,PuerXishuangbannaandWenshanofYunnanhavevigorouslydevelopedsugarcanecultivationvillagesandteams,,,with57cultivationvillagesand154teamsbuilt,ofwhich,,coveringanareaof434,000mu,%.sputfortheffortstoadvancetheconstructionofthefarmproducecirculationmarket,improvedthemarketservicefunctions,initiallysetupthemodernfarmproducecirculationplatform,enhancedtheefficiencyoffarmproducecirculationandresolved,toacertainextent,thedifficultyfacingfarmers,cooperativesandagriculturalenterprisesinmarket"buyingandselling".Firstly,,Yunnanhassetupanaccumulativetotalof15,,Yunnanhadsetup213,000ruralcommercialnetworksunderthecountyleveland2,600farmersmarketshavebeenlistedasthestate-level"Double-HundredMarketProjects"(therenovationof100large-scaleagriculturalproductswholesalemarketsandthecultivationof100agriculturalenterprisesforcirculation-notesaddedbythetranslator).Yunnanhasinitiallyformedthemarketsystemwithwholesalemarketsplayingtheleadingrole,regionalmarketsasthemainstay,urbanandruraltrademarketsasthebasisandlarge-,,rmproducecold-chainsystem,theretraceablequalitysafetysystem,logisticsanddistributioncenters,inspectionandtestingcenters,safetymonitoringcenters,sewageandwastetreatmentcenters,,Yunnanha,thecommercialdepartmentsofYunnanhaveactivelyorganizedandstartedtheconnectionofagriculturalproductswithsupermarkets,enablingmorefarmproducecirculationenterprises,farmersco-operativeorganizationsandsupermarketstoparticipateintheaforesaidconnection,soastoimprovetheefficiencyinfarmproducecirculation.ByWuZhenjun,DRCTaskForceonPoliciesofIssuesofAgricultureResearchReportNo32,oductsBygivingplaytothecharacteristicsoftheresourcesandadvantagesoftheproductivebasesofitsdifferentregions,theprovinceofYunnanhasgivenscashcropsreached42millionmuin2010(15mumakeonehectare)andanoverallarrangementofrawmaterialbasesofcompetitiveagriculturalprod,theprovincehascementedandenhanceditscompetitiveindustrieswithtraditionalcharacteristics,suchastobacco,,,000tons,rank,~~20milliontons,withboththecultivatedareaandtheoutputmakingup16%orsoofthenationaltotal,,,%ofthenationaltotal,rankingtopinthecountry,andtheteaoutputhadreached207,000tons,%ofthenationaltotal,,theprovincehasacceleratedthed,thecultivatedareaofflowersinYunnanreached581,000mu,rankingfirstinthecountry,andtheoutputoffreshcutflowersrankedtopinthecountry,,thecultivatedareaofcoffeeinYunnanreached646,000mu,withaproductionof49,000tons,makingupmorethan99%and98%recentyears,thenumberofleadingenterprisesofagricultureindustrializationhasincnhavebeenbroughtupandtheg,thenumberofleadingenterprisesofagricultureindustrializationreached2012inYunnanandthenumberofvariouskindsoffarmproduceprocessingenterprisesabovethedesignatedsizereached1,omeinvolvedindistinctiveandcompetitiveindustries,fosteringenterpriseclusterswithdistinguishingfeatures,theto,344foreignenterprisesandover400enterprisesfromotherprovinceshavecometoYunnanforcultivation,breedingandprocessingofagriculturalproducts,whichwillfurtherpromotetheoveralllevelofthelorganizationlevelThenumberoffarmersprofessionalco-operativeorganizationshasincreasedrapidlyinYunnaninrecentyears,,thenumberoffarmersprofessionalco-operativeorganizationswidelyscatteredinvariousagriculturalindustries,suchastobacco,sugarandcoffee,hadincreasedto10,,,thenumberoffarmersprofessionalcooperativesregisteredatindustrialandcommercialauthoritieshadincreasedto7,lightoftheguidingprincipleof"VigorousGovernmentMotivation,CorrectMarketGuidance,ImpetusbyLeadingEnterprisesandActiveParticipationbyFarmers",theprovinceofYunnanhasdevotedmajoreffortstostartingtheconstructionofagriculturalstandardizationsyste,Yunnanhadformulatedandpromulgatedatotalof1,152localagriculturalstandardsandcriteria,,Yunnanhasconstructedatotalof134standardizationdemonstrationprojects,chcompetitiveanddistinctiveagriculturalindustriesascoffee,silkworm,flowers,youngforestplantsandspiceoil,,Yunnandevelopedatotalof4,658tobaccocooperativesand240,000productionhouseholds,,%oftheprovincialtotal,andrealized100%,suchprefecturesandmunicipalitiesasLincang,Dehong,PuerXishuangbannaandWenshanofYunnanhavevigorouslydevelopedsugarcanecultivationvillagesandteams,,,with57cultivationvillagesand154teamsbuilt,ofwhich,,coveringanareaof434,000mu,%.sputfortheffortstoadvancetheconstructionofthefarmproducecirculationmarket,improvedthemarketservicefunctions,initiallysetupthemodernfarmproducecirculationplatform,enhancedtheefficiencyoffarmproducecirculationandresolved,toacertainextent,thedifficultyfacingfarmers,cooperativesandagriculturalenterprisesinmarket"buyingandselling".Firstly,,Yunnanhassetupanaccumulativetotalof15,,Yunnanhadsetup213,000ruralcommercialnetworksunderthecountyleveland2,600farmersmarketshavebeenlistedasthestate-level"Double-HundredMarketProjects"(therenovationof100large-scaleagriculturalproductswholesalemarketsandthecultivationof100agriculturalenterprisesforcirculation-notesaddedbythetranslator).Yunnanhasinitiallyformedthemarketsystemwithwholesalemarketsplayingtheleadingrole,regionalmarketsasthemainstay,urbanandruraltrademarketsasthebasisandlarge-,,rmproducecold-chainsystem,theretraceablequalitysafetysystem,logisticsanddistributioncenters,inspectionandtestingcenters,safetymonitoringcenters,sewageandwastetreatmentcenters,,Yunnanha,thecommercialdepartmentsofYunnanhaveactivelyorganizedandstartedtheconnectionofagriculturalproductswithsupermarkets,enablingmorefarmproducecirculationenterprises,farmersco-operativeorganizationsandsupermarketstoparticipateintheaforesaidconnection,soastoimprovetheefficiencyinfarmproducecirculation.。

    ByLiuShijin,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo185,,solvingresourceandenvironmentalproblemswillbopment,whichemphasizestheimplementationofthescientificapproachtodevelopment,thefastersubstantialchangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelopment,thedeepeningofreformandopeningupandtheinnovationofsystemsandmechanisms,andhighlightswell-definedresponsibilities,effectiveprices,,itisimperativetotransformandupgradetraditionalindustries,developemergingindustriesandstreamlinemajoreconomicrelations,suchasthosebetweendomesticdemandandforeigndemandandbetweensavingsandconsumption,soastolayanimportantfoundationforboostingthequalityandefficiencyofChina’seconomicdevelopmentandpursuingsteady,,fiscalandtaxrelationsarebasicallystreamlined,theframeworksandstandardsofpolicies,lawsandregulationsarepreliminarilyestablished,theresponsibilitiessandperformanceevaluationsystemsareimproved,majorprogresshasbeenmadeintechnologicalinnovationandpopularizationandinindustrialrestructuring,,,fasterandsustainabledevelopmentthatemphasizestheimplementationofthescientificapproachtodevelopment,thecompatibilityofgrowthwithresourcesandtheenvironment,,animportantcontentistopursuedevelopmentthatemphasizes“resourceconservation,higherefficiency,andeconomicandenvironmentalprotection”.Inthelongrun,greendevelopmentandefficientdevelopmentareinherentlyunited,,theymaybecontradictorytoeachothe,econom,achievableeconomicgrowthshouldnotbecontainedsimplyinordertopursueexces,htofChina’scurrentconditionsandthroughscientificdeve,economic,legalandnecessaryadministrativetoolsshouldbeemployedinaunifidemandrelationship,resourcescarcityandenvironmentalcostandmarketmechanismcanplaybasicrolesinpromotingconservation,,administrati,moralconstraintsshouldreceivegrowingattentionandresourceconservnment-friendlysocietyandbecomeani,whichhavetobearresourceandenvironmentalpressures,,,streamliningrelationsandstrengtheningcontrol,thegovernmentshouldcreateamarketenvironmentthatfeaturespriceeffectivenessandfaircompetitionsothatenterprisescanhavesufficientpressureandmotivationtoselecttheenergy-savingandenvironment-friendlytechnologies,processes,protectionmethods,onment,enterprisescanpursuetheirownlong-termdevelopmentandint,rewardandpunishmentmechanismsshouldbeestablishedtoencouragetheadvancedandeliminatetheoutdatedandtoguidecorporatebehaviorsinenergyconserva,bystrictlyenforcingrelevantlaws,regulationsandstandards,byrewardingthesuperiorandpunishingtheinferiorwithfiscalandtaxtoolsandbyguidingpublicopinions,theenterprisesthatperformwellinresourceconservationandenvironmentalprotectionshouldbenefitanddevelopbetterandfasterandtheenterprisesthatperformpoorlyinresourceconsumptionaheeconomicstructurebeoptimizedintheco,overallplanning,,,Chinashouldproperlyhandlytheoverallandpartialrelations,thelong-termandshort-termrelations,theinternationalanddomesticrelations,,itshouldfocustimeandeffortsonsomebasic,keyandurgentsectorssoastomakebreakthroughs,helpsolvecrolesofmarketmechanismsinthespheresofresourcesandtheenvironment,priorityshouldbegiventosolvingthelong-standingproblems,suchaspricedistortion,administrativeaccessrestrictionandtheabsenceofmarkettradinginstitutions.--Improvetheprice-formingmechanismsforcoal,power,price-formingmechanismthatwillallowmarketcompetititiontodeterminethepricesofpowergenerationandsaleandallowthetransportshouldbereformedsoastoformatradingrelationshipinwhichkeyenterprisesmainlyoperateonlongandmedium-termcontracts....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByChenXiaohongWangHuaiyu,ResearchTeamon"StudyofGovernment-EnterpriseRelationsforStrategicEmergingIndustries",theEnterpriseResearchInstitute,theDRCThispaperfirstpointsoutthatChinasintellectualproperty(IP),throughco-operationbetweenthegovernmentandenterprisesinimprovingtheIPsystem,e-innovationTheOutlineforChinasStrategyofIntellectualProperty(abbreviatedtoOutline),thefirstoneofitskindpromulgatedinJune2008bytheStateCouncil,hasdepictedthestatusquoofChinassystemofintellectualpropertyanditsapplicationandputforwardtheguidelines,strategictargetsandprioritieslaiddowninChinasstrategyofnimportantcontributiontotheformationofChinasstrategyofintelle,sinceChinassystemofintellectualpropertyhascomeintobeingforashortperiodoftimeandrelevantresearchhasbeeninadequate,ndentintellectualpropertyareinferiorinChina,peoplehadtofindoutwh,theOutlinealsoholdsthat"policiesandmeasuresrelatedtointellectualpropertyinlinewithnationalconditionsshouldbeadoptedvigorouslytoboostnationaldevelopment".Intermsofnationalcondition,exceptfortheemphasisontheprotectionofintellectualpropertyrightsinspecialareas,otherconspicuousmeasureandmethodshavenotbeenlaiddownintheOutlineItisattributabletothelessanduncleardiscussionoverthestatusquoandstrategisofthethenChineseenterprisesortechnicalinnovationandalsoduetothelessunderstandingoftheselectableplansforstrategiesandsystemofllectualproperty,itwil,withoutdefiniteandclearsolutionstotheproblems,itwillstillbehardtohaveacommonunderstandingofthetybasedontheguidingideologyconduciveto"re-innovation"yindependentand,ifChinascommitmentmadeatitsaccessiontoWTOisarestrictiveterm,thisformationmustbeinlinewithChinasnationalconditions,andespeciallyconformtoandcoordinatewiththestatusquoanstrategyoftechnicalinnovations(orinventions),technicalinnovationstrategiesandsignificanttechnicalinnovationstrat,,suchas20oreven30yearsinthefuture,icalsourceofothers,whichisknownastheenhancedinnovation(includingmajorenhancedinnovations).IntegratyconductedbyChineseenterprisesaremainlysecondaryinnovationorre-innovationandthatthesecondary-innovation,inthecontextoftheglobalizedmanufacturingindustry,willremaintheimmediatechoicefortheimprovementoftechnologiesforChina,arenownedJapaneseeconomist,wroteapaperin1999holdingthatuptothe1990simportantindustrtedinthesameyearalsofranklyimportedbasictechnologiesfromUSAandEuropeancountriesandhasimprovedthetechnologiesandusedperfectcapabilitiestomakenecessaryenhancementoftheproductionsites".EvenamongsevencategoriesofstrategicrisingindustrieslistedbyChinaandtobedevelopedin23direction,mostareindustrieswithtechnologiesfromdevelopedcountriesandareevensuccessfullycommercialized,withafewnumberofindustrialtechnologiesremainingunripe,butforeigncountriesaremostlytak,notonlyinChina,butevenindevelopedcountriessuchasUSA,ategicimportancetoChinasinnovationsatitspresentdevelopmentstageandinlightofChinafintellectualpropertyonthebasisofdefiningthebasicfeaturesandstrategiesoftechnicalinnovation:Weshouldnotonlystrengthentheprotectionofintellectualpropertyofsuperiorobjectsandshouldallthebetterpayspecialattentiontotheencouragemlogicalprogressinindustriesneedingcontinuousandintegratedinnovation,strengtheningmotivation,supportandapplicationofre-innovationshouldbeanimportantresearchtopicforChinasstrategyofintellectualpropertyandbeanimportantorientationforthereadjustmentofChinatheprotectionoforiginalinnovation(orinvention)butislayingspecialemphasisonmotivatingthere-inventor(technicalinventor)whenbalancingtherighsystemofintellectualpropertyisinclinedtowardsoriginalinnovators(technicalinventers)andtheJapndregulationsgivingimpetustore-innovation,theinterrelationsbetweentherulesandregulationsandthemethodsofapplication,,thispaperwillnotdealwiththerelationsbetweenoriginalinventionandre-inventionindetail,butstillwantstopointoutthatpayingattentiontore-inventionorsecondary-innovation,asshownbyJapaneseexperience,willnotimpaistemofintellectualproperty(includingcoordinationwithrelevantsystems)shouldsupportandprotectre-innovationisvirtuallystressingthatthedesigningofthesystemshouldconformtrom"abusingtheiradvantages"bycapitalizingontheirforwardinventionsandintellectualpropertytohamperChineseenterprisesfromd,culture,roadconstruction,,governmentsatalllevelandintensity,andruralsocialundertakingshavebeendevelopingrapidly....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米ByShenHengchao,ResearchTeamon"StrategicMajorResearchonBuildingHefeiintoanInnovativeTrialCity",DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearch(DRC)ResearchReportNo69,2011Technology-basedsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesarethemostactiveysmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,suchasriskinvestment,privatesharesandcorporatebonds,zedenterprises(hereinafterreferredtoassmallandmedium-sizedenterprises).Inrecentyears,localgovernmentshavemadepositiveexplorationultforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestogainaccesstofinancinganditismoredifficultfortheseenterprises,whichhavejustbeenestablishedandareseekingtheirowngrowth,,theseenterprisesusuallygainfinancingbyissuingcorporatebonds,,apartformtheaforesaidwaysforraisingfunds,theycanalsogetfinancedwithloansfromcommercialbanks,,channelsforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestoraisefundsinChinaarefewandfarbetween:OTCtradingmarketthatissuitedforprivatesharesandcorporatebondshasnotyetgrownup;thesizeoftheriskinvestmentissmallandsuchinvestmentisboundupinenterprisesonlargeinvestmentscale;privatesectorborrowinghasbeenlongconductedunderground;commercialbanksarequiteprudentwithsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesshortofcollaterals;thethresholdishighforissuingcorporatebonds,publiclistingandissuingcorporatebondsopenly;:Firstistocollectthefundsonthestockmarket;thesecondistostrivetoacquireriskinvestment.(1)Themulti-leveledstockmarketsuitedforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestoobtainfinancehasnotyetgrownupIndevelopedcountries,thenationalpubliclistingmarketsatthehighestlevelandthereiveuptotherequirementsforpubliclisting,,naSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionandthesharesshouldbetradedinShenzhenandShanghai;sharesofnon-listingpubliccompanies,ifwithdrawnfromthemarket,shouldbetradedundertheagencysharetransfersystem(OldSanBan)atnon-listingcompaniesandthenewlyissuedsharesshouldbetradedontheOTCtradingmarketinTianjin,withthelatterbeingunderconstruction;sharesissuedbynon-publiccompaniesthroughprivatecollectionarecurrentlybeingtradedundertheagencysharetransfersystem(NewSanBan)inZhongguancunandatTianjinEquityExchangeandChinaHi-techPropertyExchange(CHTPE),vateshares,yetprivateshareshavenotbecomeaneffectivemeansoffinancingduetotheimpededtradingchannels.(2)Thesizeofriskinvestmentissmallandsuchinvestmentisboundupingrown-upenterprisesAsanimportantchanneloffinancingforindependentinnovation,,duetotheimpedimentofthewithdrawalchannels,theheavyburdenoftaxationandtheimperfectionofthesystemsrelatingtoprivatelyofferedfunds,thesizeoftheriskinvestmenttendstobesmallandisboundupingrown-upenterprises,makingitdifficulttomeetthedemandofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,thatin2009556briskrisk:Thefirstistogetfinanceddirectlyonthebondmarket;thesecondistogetloansthroughfinancialintermediaries.(1)Issueofenterprisebondsandpublicissueofcorporatebondshavelittletodowithsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesIndevelopedcountries,aregistrationsystemiscarriedoutfortrprises,,therehavebeenenterprisebondsiseBondspromulgatedin1993,beingexaminedandapprovedbyNationalDevelopmentandReformCommission,andwithenforcementthroughmandatoryadministrativeorder,yuanandthatofthelimitedliabilitycompaniesshallequalnolessthan60millionyuan,,theOT,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesareunabletodothefinancingbyprivatelyofferingcorporatebonds.。

    大奖盘口官网ByLuWei,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo109,sHigh-TechServiceIndustries:BasicStatusandDevelopmentTrendSincethe1980s,therapiddevelopmentofknowledgeeconomyhascultivatedlargenumbersofhightechnologiesandtheservicei,,thegrowingdemandforserviceoutsourcinghaspromptedtheemergenceofnewth,,Chinashigh-techserviceindustriesareemergingindustries,whicharestillin,Chinashigh-techserviceindustriessuchasinformationtransmission,computerserviceandsoftware,scientificresearch,%%evalueappreciationofservicetargetsandtheinternalservicesofsomeproductionenterprisesarenotstatisticallyincluded,thestatisticalad,withalargescale,alargebasenumberandagrowthratelowert~2007period,theaddedvalueofChinastertiaryindustrygrew17%annuallyonaverage;t%,whichwaslowerthantheaveragelevelofthetertiaryindustry;thatofscientificresearch,%,~2008period,theannualgrowthrateoftheinvestmentinfixedassetsintheindustriesofscientificresearch,technicalserviceandgeologicalprospectingwasction,thegrowthofChinashigtheintermediateconsumptionbyproducerserviceindustrieswasfallingwhilethecoefficientofthepersonalconsumptionwasrising(LiShantong,GaoChuanshengetal:DevelopmentofChinasProducerServiceIndustriesandUpgradingofItsManufacturingIndustry,ShanghaiTrinityBookstore,November2008).Themainreasonwasthatmanufacturin,becausetheseenterpriseswereencouragedtobecomeinnovators,cityandcompetitivenessExceptfortelecomandlargenetworkoperators,,Chinahadover20,000softwareenterprisesin2008,,eachenterpriseemed,,butitsInternetmarketiss,thetotalrevenueofChinamongtheworldtop10,thetoshigh-techserviceenterprisesarenotedforweakinnovationcapacity,andtheirshig,Chinassoftwareserviceindustryisoneoftheindu,theexportofChina,accountingforonly15%,mostoftheinvestmentsinhigh-techserviceindustriescomemainlyfromChinesesources,,mostoftheseinvestmentsareraisedbyenterprisesthemselves,,foreign-controlledenterprisesaccountedfor13%ofallthe14,373softwareenterprisesinChina,and30%,90%oftheinvestmentsinfixedassetsintheindustriesofinformationtransmission,computerserviceandsoftwarewereraisedbyenterprisesthemselves,,%forthei%,accountingfor26%,technicalserviceandgeologicalprospecting,%oftheirinvestmentinfixedassets,,%ofthetotalinvestmentsinfixedassetsintheRDserviceindustry(Seethetablebelowfordetailedinformation).SourcesofInvestmentsinFixedAssetsinVariousIndustriesin2007(%)ByDengYusong,DRCTaskForceonAnalysisofSystemandPolicyoftheStableandSustainedDevelopmentofHousingMarketofChina,InstituteofMarketEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo19,2012Inrecentyears,Chinahasunveiledaseriesofrealpropertyregulatorypoliciestoholdbacktheexcessivelyfastriseofho,viewsvaryatpresentamongpeopleabouthowtodeterminethereasonablelevelofhousingprices,thusmakingitnecessarytodiscussandstnationalexperiencesrevearatioThehousingprice-to-incomerati,,thehousingprice-to-incomeratioiscurrentlyamainindicatoradoptedbymostcountrie:theratiobetweenthem:theratiobetweenth,thehousingprice-to-incomeratiohasitsbiggestshortcominganddifficulty,theChinesescholarshaveoftenused"4to6times"as"internationalstandard".Yetinfact,aslevelsofeconomicdevelopment,populationstatusandresourceendowmentofvariouscountriesarequitedifferent,thereisno-incomeratiosbetweenvariouscountries(Seethetablebelow).Nevertheless,themaximumhousingprice-to-incomeratiohadbeennomorethan5timesbeforetheUSsub-primelendingcrisisbrokeout,beingstillwithintheso-calledvaluationrangeof"internationalstandard"of"4to6times".Substantially,thehousingprice-to-incomeratioreflectstherelationndifferentcountriesandregions,itisinevitablef,levelofeconomicdevelopment,systemandenvironmentindifferentcountriesandcities,thereisnosensehorizontallycomparingsuchratiosofdifferentcitiesinasimplewayandtheobjec,astheirresourceendowmentiscertain,theaverageofyearsratioscanroughlyreflecttheprotractedpricerelationshipsbetweenlandandlaborforce,whereas,oncetheratiodeviatesfromtheaverage,thenitsignifiesthatunus,theUShousingprice-to-incomeratiobegantoevidentlygethigherthanitshistoricalaveragelevelafter2004,theUSrealestatemarkethasbeenrestructuredsubstantiallysince2008,thenatpresenttheUShousingprice-to-(Groupedasperhouseholdincomelevel),(HEVs)aredevelopingunevenlyandtheproducttechnologiesarebackwardinallaspectsInChina,theHEVtechnologieshavebeenconscommercialHEVtechnologieshavedevelopedrapidly,yetthepas,theparallelandengineidlingstart-stopcontrolsystemhasbeenadoptedmostlyforChinaspassengerHEVs,yetChinahastomakeeffortstofillinthegapsinthefieldsofpower-splithybridelectricvehicle(PSHEV)technology,,ChinaspassengerHEVscansavefuelby15%~20%.Chinahasmainlyconcentrat,,thefirstperiodwillbefocusedonseriesandparallelconnection,andcurrentlythet(PHEV)areundergoingresearchanddevelopmentonthewholeSuchautovarietiesarefewandfarbetween,themanufacturersofpassengerPHEVsonthebulletinboardareBYD,FAWandGeely,,theun,whicharedividedintopureEVsandHEVs,areaPHEVm,China,theweightofF3DMhas,,althoughF3DMconsumessimilaramountoffuelasPlug-inPriusdoes,(EV)hasbecomeaprioritymodelfortheChinesefinishedautoenterprisesintheirHEVresearchanddevelopmentChinahas,inthemain,masteredsuchkeytechnologiesasvehiclecontrol,matchingofpowersystemandintegrateddesigning,andhassteppedonthewholefroms,Chinahasputforth49typesofpurepas,themajorfinishedautoenterpriseshaveallbroughtelectricvehicles,Dongfeng,Changan,Chery,GeelyandGreatWallhavealldevelopedthroughresearchpureelectriccars,yetelectricvehiclesofhighperformancearestilllaggingbehinda,intermsoffinishedproduct,brand-newmodelsareseenabroad,,lithiumironphosphatebatteriesaremainlyusedinChina,,therearestillhugegapsbetweenChina-madevehiclesandthosemadeabroadintermsofreliability(failurerate),iencingresearch,developmentandtestTheresearchanddevelopmentofthetechnicalplatformforfuelcellvehicled,progresshasbeenmadeinfuelcellautotechnologieswhicharestillundergoingresearch,sfuelcellautotechnologiesandadvancedworldlevelsintermsofsuchkeyindicatorsascoldstarttemperature,lifespan,,yetbreakthroughshavenotbeencompletelymadeinkeytechnologiesChinahasindependentlydevelopedMHandLithium-Ionautopowercellsof6amperehoursto100amperehours,withsuchkeyins,yettheengineeringability,grouptechnology,lifespan,reliability,charge-dischargeability,energymanagementandheatmanagementoftheproducts,especiallyofthegroupproductsystem(batterypack),breakthroughshavenotbeenthoroughlymadeinthemembranetechnologyandthePE-AL-PPtechnologyforpowercells,thusresultinginsmallproductionscaleandpoorstabilityandconsistencyofproductbatches,haspositiveandnegativeelectrodesandelectrolyte,andsuchma,sandthedevelopmentofpassengerHEVslagsbehindAsoftheendof2011,theoutputofChinasHEVshadachievedanaccumulativetotalof16,,enormousprogresshasbeenmadeintheindustrializationofcommercialHEVs,whichisreflectedbytheenrichednumberofvehiclemodels,steadilygrowingoutput,escalationofcommercializationbyawidemargi,thention,Chinahadmanufacturedanaccumulativetotalof9,,then%,thenumberofpassengerHEVsmadebyGMaccountedfor19%,thenumber,andmassproductionofthepassengerHEVswasstartedbySAICMotorCorp,DongfengMotorGroupandZhejiang,ChinauchtransnationalcorporationsasToyota,GMandVolkswagen,thereisapressingneedtoindustrializeChinasindependenentTheindustrializationofpureHEVshasjuststartedandtheoutputofpurepassengerHEVshasreachedamaximumaccumulativetotal,andsuchHEVs,Chinahadproducedanaccumulativetotalof4,,AnhuiChery,JAC,JiangnanAutomobileandBYDhadmanufacturedanaccumulativetotalof2370,592,,BYDandNingboShenmahadproducedanaccumulativetotalof347,,enterprisesannouncedfortheproductionofplug-inpassengerHEVsareonlyBYD,FAWandGeely,whileSAIC,BAIerautomanufacturerssuchasWuzhoulongMotors,ZhongTongBus,Ankai,,asoftheendof2011,atotalof20,,therehasbeenfewerstarandmainmodelsamongpureHEVsandplug-inHEVsinChina,skeyautoenterprisestobeincreasedinpureandplug-inHEVsinthefuture,itispredictedthatindustrializationprocesswillbecomeaccelerated.大红鹰MG花花公子重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByLiZuojun,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo74,2012Sincetheimplementationofreformandopening-uppolicy,the"lowcostcompetitiveadvantage"hasalwaysbeenapower,theChineseeconomyhasenteredthe"highcostera"ngenvironmentofeconomicgrowthandactivelymeetthechallengeofthe"highcostera"."HighCostEra",,withtherapidadvancementofindustrializationandurbanization,%%,,withtherapideconomicgrowththerebytheChineseCitiesLandPriceDynamicMonitoringSystem,,212yuaninthefirstquarterin2005to3,,residential,andindustrialusewentuprespectivelyfrom2,006yuanpersquaremeter,1,184yuanpersquaremeter,and482yuanpersquaremeter,inthefirstquarterof2005to5,654yuanpersquaremeter,4,518yuanpersquaremeter,,,withtherapiddevelopmentofprocessingmanufacturinginChina,thedemandsforr02and2009,itsustainedthepaceofgrowthandincreasedeveryyearcompare,thepurchasingpriceindicesofrawmat%%%,%,%thanthoseinthepreviousyearsrespectivelyin2004,2006,(Taketheyear-on-yeardataas100)ByBaShusong,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo47,2012ThecreditgrowthrateofChinascommercialbankingsystemhasbeenlowerthanexpectedsincethebeginningof2012,,onecriticalreasonforthis,apartfromtherestrictedcapacityofsomecommercialbanksingrantingloansduetoconstraintsofregulatoryindicatorslikethedeposit-loanratio,liesinthefactthatthenewcreditdemandsoftheinvestmentandfinancingplatformsoflocalgovernmentswithstrongcreditdemand,andtherealestateandtheinfra,small,againstthebackdropofdeceleratingeconomicgrowth,decreasingprofitsofmicroandsmallenterprises(MSEs)andincreasingdifficultyinoperatingMSEs,commercialbanksgenerallyareextremelycautiousaboutrenderingservicestoMSEs,whichisresponsibleforthegrowineenfinancialservicesprovidedbyChinascurrentfinancialsystemandtheactualfinancialneedsofMSEs,,themarket-orientedrestructuringoflargefinancialinstitutionsrepresentedbyjoint-stockreformandpubliclistingofstate-ownedbankshasmadeconsiderableprogressandfinomicallydevelopedareasintherestructuringprocess,financialse,howshouldChinasfinancialreformbepushedforwardInlightoftheachievementsinfinancialreformandthepracticalneedsofrealeconomyforthefinancialindustry,financialservicesforsmallandmicroenterprisesarerelativelybackward,theeffortsinboostingmarket-orientedinterestratesneedtobeintensified,andthesupplyoffinancialservicesisstillinsufnomy,theimprovementofsmallandmicrofinancialservicesisrelatedtoabove-mentionedsubstantiveneedsforfinancialservicestovariousde,well-developedsmallandmicrofinancecanprovidesupportforthefarmersindevelopmentofagricultureandruralareas,improveruralfinancialservices,helpredressfundingshortageofruralfinancialmarkets,fostercompetitioninruralfinancialmarketsandopenupnewchannelstomeetthefundingneedsoffarmersandruralMSEs,,thesmallandmicrofinancecanfacilitatetherationalandefficientuseofprivatecapital,guideandpromotethestandardizeddevelopmentofprivatefinancing,a,CultivateDiversifiedFinancingChannelsandUrgeSmallandMicroFinancialInstitutionstoProperlyPositionThemselvesSoAstoMatchupTheirFinancialServiceswiththeActualNeedsofSmallandMicroEnterprisesAccordingtostatistics,Chinahasover10millionsmallandmediumenterprises(SMEs)withlegalpersonality,accountingfor99%ofalltheenterprisesnationwide,contributingto60%ofChinasGDP,50%oftaxrevenuesand80%nsreleasedbythecentralbankshowsthatasoftheendofDecember2011,thebalanceofsmallbusinessloans(includingbillsdiscounted),%,90%ofbelow-scaleenterpriseshadnodebtor-creditorrelationshipwithfinancialinstitutions,neitherdid95%,inviewofthesizablesocialvaluecreatedbysmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,,financialinstitutionsareinclinedtograntcreditandotherscarcefinancialresourcestolargeenterprises,amovethatinactualitys,rationalbusinesspositioningandviablebusinessmodefordifferentfinanci,smallandmicrofinancialinstitutionssuchasruralbanksandsmallloancompaniesshouldbevigorouslyencouraged;ontheotherhand,largecommercialbanksshouldbeurgedtoprovideservicesforMSEsandadjusttheirclientstructurebyMicroFinancialInstitutionsIncludingSmallLoanCompaniesThepresentstrictaccesscontrolinthefinanc,,,intermsoftheoveralldistributionoffinancialinstitutions,insmallandmedium-sizedtownswithahighconcentrationofMSEs,thereareonlyalimitednumberof,strictaccesscontrolinthefinancialindustryservingMSEsnotonlyleadstoinsufficientcompetitioninthefinancialservicemarket,directlyincreasingthefinancingcostofMSEs,butalsobringsaboutsignificantlicensepremium,makingfinancialinstitutionsbecomeinclinedtorelyonpremiumsbroughtaboutbylicensingcontrol,,appropriatederegulationisnecessarytopromotesmallandmicrofinancialinstitutionslikesmallloancompaniestoprovidefinancialservicesforMSEs,andnewsmallloancompaniesshouldbeintroducedtoassModelforSmallandMicroFinancialInstitutionsSoAstoBolsterTheirDevelopmentThesustainabledevelopmentofsmallandmicrofinancialinstitutionsmeansthatsuchinstitutionscangenerateadequateincomefromfinancialservicestocovertheiroperatingcostsandcapitalcostsandultimatelysurviveandthrive,,themarket-orientedinterestrateregimeisconducivetothesust,onereasonforthepoorperformanceofChinasmicrofinanceearlieronisthatlowinterestratesweremistakenlybelievedtobeameasurefor"povertyalleviation".Suchpolicyorientationononehanddisinclinescommercializedfinancialinstitutionstoundertakesmallcreditbusiness,ormakessmallloaninstitutionsengagedinmicrofinancerelyonspecialfundingsupportandtherebyfailtorealizefinancialindependence;ontheotherhand,italsoleadstorent-seekingwhere,inordertopromotesoundandsustainabledevelopmentofsmallandmicrofinancialinstitutions,itisimperativetoallowthemtomakenecessaryprofitsthroughnormaloperationsandinparticular,topro,smallandmicrofinancialinstitutionsshouldfocusonthecustomerorientationofMSEs,providefinancialservicesthatbestmeettheneedsofMSEs,givefullplaytotheiradvantageslikedistinctregionalcharacteristics,lowinformationcosts,rapidbusinessapprovalandlowtransactioncosts,concentrateondevelopingpromisingMSEclients,strengtheninnovationonriskmanagement,adjustbusinessstructure,enhancebusinesscompetitivenessandtverallfinancialstructure.ByChenJianpengLiZuojun,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo168,2012Sincetheturnofthe21stcentury,progresshasbeenmadeinChina,pollutionstillincreasesonthewholecurrentlyinChina,dinlinewiththeinvestigationsandresearchesintothecontrolexercisedbyvariouslocalitiesoverenvironmentalpollution,thisreportreviewsinretrospectsthecontroloverenvironmentalpollutioncarriedoutsincethe21stcenturyand,inthemeantime,itlooksaheadtotheenv(1)ThegrowthoftotalCODdischargedhasbeenbasicallyheldincheckDuring2001~2010,thetotalamountofchemicaloxygendemand(COD)dischargedfromwastewaternationwideshowedadownwardtrendonthewhole,,CODdischargedfromindustrialchemicalsdecreased,;,,CODdischargedfromwastewaternationwideincreasedinsteadofdecreasing,,thetotalamountofCODdischargedrespectivelyfromwastewater,industri,%over2005,outperformingtheoverallemissionreductiontasksetinthe11thFive-YearPlan3.,oftheinterviewedenterprises,25sawtheirsalesrevenuegrowingrapidly(byover10%),38sawtheirgrowingsteadily(by5%~10%),13sawtheirgrowingslowly(by0~5%)%,only1islistedand4arestate-owned,%%%oftheirtotalemployeesduring2007~2011,%,theave,9sawtechnicallevelsoftheirmanufacturingequipmentlivinguptointernationaladvancedlevelsand13sawtheirsreachingtheadvanceddomesticlevels,suggestingthatequipmenttechnologiesareofvitalimportancetoproductqualityandcompetitivepower,%ofthetextileenterprisesinChinawereshortofworkersinvaryingdegreesand,inthefirsthalfof2012,%,,17ofthe81surveyedtextileenterprisesthoughttheyhadsufficienthumanresources,yetmostoftheenterprisessaidthatitwasquitedifficultforthemtorecruitgeneralandtechnierelargeenterprises,%ofallsurveyedlargeenterprisesand,3ofthe9enterprisesalsomentionedtheyhaddifficultyrecruitingskilledworkersandthatthenewrecruitswerelesscapable,suggestingthatproblemslikelaborshortageandinabilitytoretainpersonnelexistatlargeandtheproblemsarenotmuch,6ofthe17enterprisesthatheldthattheyhadsufficienthumanresourcessawtheirsalesrevenueincreasingbymorethan10%inrecent3yearsand10sawtheirsupby5%~10%,%,suggestingthatenterpriseswithgoodbusinessperformancearelessboggeddowninseriouslaborsh,19weremedium-sizedandsmallandmicro-sizedenterprises,makingup76%,suggestingthatlargeenterprisesaremoreattractivetotalentedpeople.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以Currently,Chinahasover4,000LEDenterprises,comprisingover50upstreamenterprises,over1,000packageenterprisesandover3,,theLEDlightingindustryhaspreliminarilyformedanindustrialdistributionpattern,whichcomprisesfourmajorconcentrationareas(thePearlRiverDelta,theYangtzeRiverDelta,theFujian-JiangxiRegionandtheNorthChinaRegion)andsevenmajorbases(Dalian,Shanghai,Shenzhen,Nanchang,Xiamen,YangzhouandShijiazhuang).Atpresent,alltheseconcentrationareasarebasica,whereLEDdevelopmenthasbeenfaster,claimsa70%nationalshareanda50%,includingeptaxialsliceproduction,chipmaking,rmanceandmarketdevelopmentoftheLEDindustryandintroducedahostofpoliciesontechnologiesandapplications,,aninter-departmentalandregional-participatednationalcoordinatingandleadinggroupforsemiconductorlightingw,a"nationalsemiconductorlightingproject",theChineseisesand,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnologypromulgatednineindustrialstandards,andtheStanIndustrypromulgatedin2009alsoexplicitly,theMinistryofScienceandTechnologylauncheda"10,000roadlampsin10cities",eachofthe10selectedcitiesmustinstallover10,000LEDlamps(roadlamps,tunnellamps,subwaylamps,gasstationlampsandbasementparkinglamps).Inlightofthetechnologicalefficiency,energy-savingefficiencyandeconomicandsocialefficienciesofLEDproducts,30%~50%oftheincreasedinvestment,comparedwithtraditionallighting,,theMinistryofScienceandTechnologyauthoriz"2millionlampsin52cities",eachofthe50citiesmustinstall2millionsemiconductorlamps,ferfiscalsubsidiestopilotcitiesandraisetheratioofLEDlocalizationto70%.TheregionalgovernmentsinGuangdong,Shanghai,JiangsuandAnshuihavealsointro,theprovinceofGuangdongin2010promulgatedtheGuidelinesoftheGuangdongProvincialPeoplesGovernmentforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentoftheLEDIndustry(draft),underwhicha600-million-yuanspecialfundwouldbeusedtosubsidizetheLEDlightingapplicationintheprovinceforthreeyears.、大红鹰MG花花公子用户至上澳门网上手机app官方网站ByLongGuoqiang,ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCResearchReportNo6,2013(Total4255)Theworldeconomyhaswitnessedswiftreform,theworldeconomygrowthpatternexperiencesmajorchanges,asreflectedinresurrectionoftradeprotec,itsinternationaleconomicandtradeenvironmenthadundergonemajorchanges,whichshowsomenewsignsinrecentyears:thedevelopedcountriesimplementthe"reindustrialization"strategy;theUStransfersitsstrategicfocuseastwardandpromotesthehigh-standardTPP;,the18thNationalCongressoftheCPCpointedoutthatChinaisstillinaperiodofstrategicopportunities,andsomemajodevelopitselfinisolationfromtherestoftheworld,therefore,judgmentoftheinternationalenvironmenthasadirectbearingonacountry,MaoZedongheldthatitwouldbenandinaccordancewiththeprincipleof"withmountainasthebacksupport,spreadingaround,andgoodcover-up",alotofin"ThirdFrontConstruction",thesecondgenerationofleadershipoftheCPCwithDengXiaopingatthecore,basedonanall-roundanalysisofthetheninternationalenvironment,heldthatpeaceanddevelopmentwerethemainstreamoftheworld,,theunderstandingoftheinternationalenvironment,differentasitmightbeinconcretesituations,wouldexertahugeimpactuponacountry,EastAsiahasseenlarge-scalerelocationofthelabor-intensiveandexport-orientedindustries,whichbrought"fourAsiantigers"successfullypursuedthedevelopments,theseeconomiesrelocatedtheirlabor-intensiveexportindustriesodeveloptheexport-orientedprocessingindustryan,Chinahasbecomeoneofthemostsuccessfulecon,withlowpercapitapossessionofresources,however,forquitealongperiodoftimeafterthefoundingnewChina,itoverlyreliedonexportofprimaryproductsforforeignexchangeearning,,Chinahasrisentobethelargestexporterintheworld,registeringgreatchangesintheexportmix–theexportoffinishedproductsreachingupto95%ofthetotal,electromechanicalproductsover60%andhi-techproductsmorethan30%.Inaddition,ChinahasovertakenUStobethelargestmanufacturerintheworld,knownasthe"WorldsFactory".AllthetremendouschangesareattributabletothefactthatChinahasgraspedtheoplyinjectsvitalitytotheworldmarket,butalsoprovidesimportantforeignmarketsconducivetothedevelopmentofChinasexport-orientedindustriesandthusdrivesrapidgrowthofChina,thedividendsresultingfromthereformintheUSandWesterncountriesamidstagflation,thepeacedividendscomingalongwiththeendoftheColdWar,thetechnologydividendsinducedbytheITandInternetrevolutionandtheinstitutionaldividendsofeconomicglobalizationbroughtaboutbythefoundingtheWTO,plusmanyotherfactors,haveledtoprosperityofUSamongothersexport-orientedindustriesandpresentedsignificantopportunitiesftionalfinancialcrisisfusedbytheUSsubprimecrisisin2007totallychangedChinaficit;Europeisboggeddowninsovereigntydebtcrisis;Japanseconomysuffersfrominsufficientdomesticdemandanddecliningcompetitivenesscausedbypopulationageing,largedeficits,,therapidlyrisinglaborcostinChinaiserod,Chinaisinfaceofchallengesofinsufficientdemandoftheinternationalmarket,butstill,,Chinafacessignificantopport,theResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationstheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilscomparativeadvantagesareundergoingprofoundchanges–itsnewlyacquiredadvantagesintermsofthelocalmarket,infrastructure,supportingindustries,andhumanresourcesratherthanlowlaborcosthavecometoattractmultinationals,inthenextdecadeChinawillbetheonlycountryworldwidethatb,themultinati,,tofurtheropenupthemarketandusehumanresourcesinChinahasbecomeamoreimportant,Chinamaintainsprosperity,exertingunpreceden,31%ofbusinessreStobethefirsttheinternationalfinancialcrisis,Chinaattractedincreasingforeigndirectinvestmenttosuchanextentthatinthefirsthalfof2012Chinaovertoo,majorchangeshavetakenplacetotheforeigninvestmentstructure,asisshowninthephenomenathatmoreforeigndirectinvestmentgoestothemanufacturingindustrywithfairlyadvancedtechnologyaswellasmodernserviceindustryofhigheraddedvalue,andsomemultinationalshavemade:nearly50,000overseasChinesestudentsreturnedin2008,representingaonefoldincreasethanin2004,ormorethan1/6ofallthereturnedoverowardChinaisundoubtedlyconducivetotheupgradingChinasindustrialstructureandtheenhancementofthei,Chinahastheopportunitytoint,quitemanyWesternenterprisesfellintothequagmireofcapitalshortage,whichaffordedalotmoreopportunitiesf,Geelyhasrealizedthetransformationfromanuglyducklingtoawhiteswan;afteracquiringPutzmeister,Sanyhasgrowntobetheworld,throughmergerandacquisitionabroad,cantaketheinitiativetointegrateoverseasresourcesandmarkets,andobtainresources,technologies,researchanddevelopmentcompetence,internationalbrandsandworldmarketchannelsatalowcost,greatlyenhancingChinascapabilityofinnovationandinternationalcompetitiveness....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:AResearchReportonHigh-LevelProfessionalsFlowTrendinRelevantCountriesandRegionsAgainsttheBackdropofInternationalFinancialCrisis.ByWeiJigang,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo47,2013(Total4296),butnotyetapowerfulcountryintermsoflogisticindustryLogisticindustryhasbecomeapillarindustryofthenationaleconomyandanimportantmodernserviceindustryafteroverthirtyyear,,%%,,,,,(standardcontaineroftwentyfootequivalentunit).,amongwhichrailwaygoodsdeliveryvolume,railwaygoodsturnovervolume,porthandlingcapacityandcontainerhandlingcapacityallrankedthefirstplaceintheworld,,,,amongwhichexpresswaywas96,000kilometer;theoperationalmileageofnationalrailwayswas98,000kilometer;innerhigh-gradewaterwaywas130,000kilometerandthemileageopentotrafficwas125,000kilometerwith1,819berthsabove10,000tonsand1,980deepwaterberthsatcostalports;(LPI)oftheWorldBank,ChinarunsaheadofotherBRICScountriesorotherAsi,Chinesel,Chinalogisticexpensestook18%inGDP,,internationallogisticenterprisesbegantoenterChina,internationallogisticenterprisesincludingFedEx,DHL,TNT,saccessiontotheWTO,,foreigncompaniescanestablishtheirownd,capital,technologiesandmanagements,internationallogisticenterpriseshavebeentransferringfromJVstowhollyforeign-ownedcompanies,fromasinglebusinesstocomprehensivelogisticbusinesses,fromfocusingonce,FedExsetupanAsianPacifictransithubatBaiyunAirportinGuangzhou;UPSsetupairtransithubinHongKong,ShanghaiandShenzhen;TNTsetupminitrans-shipmenthubinShanghai,BeijingandHongKong;oonomy,productivity,infrastructure,marketization,levelofinformationanddemands,logisticindustrydevelopsfastintheeasternregionbutslowlyinthecentralandwesternregions,,thepercentagesofexpressbusinessincomeintheeastern,%,%%%,%%.Logisticcompanies,facilitiesandactivitiesmostlycentralizedinlarg,thepercentageoftotallogisticamoun%%elopment,industrylogistinandhighdemandsontechnologiessuchashomeappliance,dailychemicalindustry,tobacco,medicine,automobile,chainretailande-commercehaveastrongdemandonlogisticswhilecapital-intensiveagriculturalproductsontheupstreamofindustrychainandbulkcommoditiesincludingagriculturecapital,steel,,logisticsystemandnetworkareunderdeveloped,mostofthemarescatteredanivetransportationhubconstruction,differenttransportationmethodscannotcooperateorconnectwitheachreasonablyandefficiently;costalandinlandtrafficsystemshavenotbeencoordinatedwitheachother,andinformationbetweenvarioustransportationmethodsarenotshared,thuslea%(whilethatindevelopedcountrieshasbeenupto20%).Logisticparksandlogistichubshavebeenbuiltinsomecitiesblindlyandsomeareleftinidle;Warehousingfacilitiesarescatteredindifferentindustriesanddepartmentswithoutanefficientresourcereassignment;palletstandardsarenotunified,impedingtheconsistentperformance;strongregionalprotectionanddepartmentsegmentationaswellasissuesrelatedtoindustryandcommerce,tax,landandtransportationsdepartme,astandardsupernatompliancewithrelevantregulationsandtheylackserviceconsciousness,,,,organization,,,aviation,railwayandwaterwayallfaceprominentproblemssuchasconsumptionofresources,,irrationaltraffic,andexcessivepackagearesevere;majorpersonalsafetyandgoodsdamageincidentsduetooverloadoroverspeedoccurfrequently,causinggreatlossestocompaniesandthecountry.ByXiaBin,ResearchInstituteofFinanceoftheDRCResearchReportNo130,arandthebeginningof2010,underthepressureofexcessmoneysupplyathome,therealestatepricessurgedup,thesystematiclocaldebtrisksbecameconspicuous,qualityofbankassetswas,itisimmi,thegov,%%inthesecond,,accordingtopredictionsbymanyinstitutions,GDPgrowthwillcontinuetodeclineduringthethirdandfourthquartersandislikelytogodowntolessthan9%,,presentingagrowth-declinetrendItisattributabletothegrowthbaseoflastyearandismainlyasaresultformancetobecomestablewithinashortperiodoftime,namelytherealestatepolicy,therectificationoflocalfinancingplatf,,afactorthatcannotbeneglectedisthatthenewloanmanagementmodelof"ThreeMeasuresandOneGuidance"enactedbyChinaBankingRegulatoryCommissionhasevidentlyreducedthederivedfactor,thusplayingtheroleasdoesthe,intermsoffutureeconomicperformance,despitethequarterlyslowdownandthegrowthfollowedbydeclinetrend,thepredictionmadebyalargenumberofChineseandforeigninstitutionsoverthepreviousperiodoftimeisthattheeconomicgrowthforthewholeyearwillstillbeabletoremainbetween9%~10%(%%byOECD).CPIwillrisetoitsmaximuminthethirdquarter,~,thusafailureofcontrolwillnotappear(Recently,someinstitutions,suchasGoldmanSachsGroup,aregraduallybringingdowntheirCPIpredictiveindicatorsforthewholeyear).Itshouldbementionedthatthepresentdevelopmenttrendisapositiveresultofthe,reflectingthechangeofthemo,nextyeartheyear,theeconomicfailurewillbelittlepossibleonthewholeduringthisyear,whichhasrelativelyprovidedarare,policiesforthelatterhalfoftheyearshouldstillbefocusedonthemacro-controlmeasuresimplementedduringthefirsthalfandontheprincipleof"continuity,stability,flexibilityandpertinence"putforw,closeattentionshouldbepaidtothechangeofsituationandtherhythmandintensityofmacro-controlshouldbehandledproperlytocontinuallyadvancethechangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelop,%,thecentralbankinthebegi,%.Sucharateofincrease,asitshows,isnotslowandthemonetarypolicyismoderatelyeasy,becauseduringthe5yearsfrom2004~2008,GDPunde%.IftheGDPgrowthratereaches9%orsothisyear,thegrowthrateofloanswillbefiv,eformof"bank-trustco-operation",thefinancialvolumethrough"bank-trustco-operation",wemustexercisesupervisionoversuchcooperation,becausewehavehadpenedinpreviousyearsresultedallfromthenegligenceofthemarketfig,,toguardagainsttheunnecessaryadverseimpactcausedbytheonce-and-for-allincreaseofinterestratesonthemarketduringthedownturnoftheeconomicgrowth,wecannotdobetterthanboosttheinterestrateliberalizationatthisfavorablemomenttobringupthedepositratestoamoderatelevel(Banksarevirtuallybringinguptheratesindisguisedform).Inviewoftheexchangeratepolicy,responseshavecomefavorablyfromhome,weshouldputintopracticetheofficiallyclaimedreformoftheexchangeratesystemaccordingtorelevantplanningaftermakingpropertransewholeaswellasfavorthesteadydevelopmentofChina’sforeigntradeandthegradualadvancementofitsstructuraladjustment.、DVORFigure5:orthedeclineofmarketdemandgrowthAnimportantmeasureadopted,amongothers,(broadmoneysupply)%%.Inthefourthquarterof2011,duetoloanquotarestriction,thosewh,rdagainsttheaggravationofgovernmentdebtrisksincludedstabilizingthesizeoffinancialinvestmentfundoutlaysandexercisingstrictcontrolovertheinvestmentandfinancingplatformsoflocalgovernmentssoastowithdrawgovernmentinvestmentrapidly,entoftheworldeconomicstructureinthewakeofinternationalfinancialcrisis,theincreasinglyadverseinternationaltradeenvironment,theri’sconsumptionstructurecenter,realestateandconstructionindustriesreducedmarketdemandrelatedtobasicrawmaterial,engineeringmachineryan,withinadequatepolicysupport,thedeclineoftheerof2012Afterpriceriseandinflationarypressuresweakenednotably,toaddressthecontinuousdeclineofeconomicgrowth,themacroeconomicpolicybegantofocuson"stabilizinggrowth".Withrelevantpolicyadjustment,economicdevelopmentgraduallyshowedastableperformance.(1)InvestmentgrowthshowingastabletrendDuringJanuary-May,fixedassetinvestment(excludingpeasanthouseholds)%%duringJanuary-June,%%duringJanuary-November,,thegovernment-dominatedinfrastructureinvestment(includingpowerandheatsupply,communicationandtransportation,warehousing,postalservice,waterconservancyandurbanpublicutilitymanagement)%fromJanuarytoMay,%%fromJanuarytoOctober,withtheaccelerationofhomesales,therea,realestatesalestookanobviousturnforthebetter,thenumberofpropertydevelopers’,%fromJanuarytoNovember,mmargininthelatterhalfoftheyear,%fromJanuarytoNovember,yearonyear,xpectationforincreasedinvestment,itispredictedthatthemanufacturinginvestmentwillmaintainarelativelybriskmomentum.(2)ConsumptiongrowthmakingprogresswhileensuringstabilityTheeconomicdownturnsince2010remainedmoderateonthewholeandtheeconomicgrowthratemaintainedaminimumofover7%,ankruptcieswasseen,,thestabilityofemploymentsustainedthestabilityofincomegrowthandthestabilityofconsumerconfidence,,withtheimprovementofrealestatemarket,salesoffurniture,electricalhomeappliancesanddecorativematerialscloselyrelatedtohomepurchasetookanotableturnforthebetter,,rsandthepositiveresultsaccumulatedbyautoenterprisesinimprovingthecostperformanceoftheproducts,itis,theconsumptiongrowthwilltendtostabilizeandriseinthefuture.LiuShijinYuBinLiJianweiZhahemain,advancingthereadjustmentoftheeconomicstruonomicgrowthandemployment,thepressureonthe,fiscalandmonetarypoliciesfor2011shouldbeaimedatgraduallyrealizingtheirstabletransitionfromthefightagainstthecrisistotherolesplayedasregularpolicies,inmakingsubstantialprogressinthereadjymentThroughmorethan30yearsofsustainableandrapiddevelopment,the"primaryaspects",thechangefromexcessdependenceonexportandinvestmenttohigherdependenceonconsumptiongrowthandfromthedependenceonfastexpansionofthemanufacturingindustrytohigherdependenceonthegrowthoftheservicesectorwillinevitablyproduceimpactonthepaceoftheeconomicgro,inrecentyearstheurbanemploymenthasincreasedanannualaverageofapproximately4%,withthenumberofnewly-increasedjobsbeingequivalenttothatoffreshurbanandrurallaborsuppliesonthewhole,doptimizingtheeconomicstructureandimprovingthequalityoftheeconomicgrowthwhilemaintainingthegrowthatanecessaryspeedandshouldbeaimedatenergeticallyrespondingtonewcircumstancesandissuesarisingfromtheslowdownofthegrowthandthecontinuousriseofthelaborcostandmakheReadjustmentoftheEconomicStructureThedistortionofthepricesofresourcesandproductionfactorshasfailedtofullyreflectthescarcityandthemarketsupply-demandsituation,becomingaseriousobstacleagainstthereadjstrates,,thedepositratesinrealtermsarenegative,theinterestmarginbetweendepositsandloansisbiganditisformostpa,wecanconsiderraisingthedepositratesmoderatelyandshouldactivelyfacilitatetheformationofthemarke,onthebasisoffurtherstrengtheningthedifferentiatedexportrebatesandtariffs,wecanwidenthefluctuationofRMBexchangeratesproperlyandgivemoreplaytotherolesoftheexchangeratesinoptimizing,improvethepricingmechanismofnaturalgasandoilprontoExpandConsumptionBoostingthereformofthenationalincomedistributionsystemandincreasingthe:conscientiouslycarryingouttheLaborContractLaw,earnestlysafeguardingworkerslegitimaterightsandinterestsandreasonablyincreasingtheminimumwages;expeditingthetransferoflandinruralareas,facilitatingtheinnovationontransferandsubstitutionofhousesitesandenablingfarmerstoreasonablyshareearningsfromappreciationoflandvalue;activelyadvancingtheexperimentationoflevyingbuildingtaxesandintensifyingtheeffortsinadjustingthetaxesonpropertystockamonghigh-incomegroups;increasingtheratioofgovernmentexpenditureonpublicservicesandontransferpaymentforpeopleswell-beingtoaggregategovernmentexpenditureandfocusingmoreofthegovernmentspendingonofferingpublicproductsnandEmissionReductionDuringthe11thFive-yearPlanperiod,greatachievementshavebeenmadeinenergyconservationandemissionreductionandthemechanismfacilitatingtheenergyconservationandemissionreductionhasinitiallytakenshape,emissionreductionarestillhighlydependentonadministrativemanagementandthatdrawingonadministrativeorderandthesweepingapproachtocontrolenergyconsumptionhasgeneratedsomenegativeeffect,whichishardtocontinueandiseasyt,onthebasisofthemarketandaccordingtothedifferencesinresources,industrialstructuresanddevelopmentstagesofvariousregions,distributetargetsinafairerandmorereasonableway,activelyexploremechanismsconducivetorealizingthestructuraloptimization,technologicalprogressandgradualreductionofresourceconsumptionandpollutantdischargeandconstantlyconsolidateandenhancetheollowedbydifferentindustriesofvariouscountriesandgraduallysetuptheenergyconsumptionandemissionreductionrulesandregulationsforalltradesandprofessionstoputapremiumontheadvancedandweedoutthebackward;weshouldrelylessonadministrativemeasuresandshouldtakevictsWeshouldreasonablydividethepowerofexaminationandapprovalbetweenthecentralgovernmentandthelocalgovernmentsandlayemphasisongivingpdontheexaminationandverificationofthequalificationsforenvironmentalprotection,energyconsumption,safetyandqualitystandardandthetwo-waysupervision(Theprojectnotcominguptostandard,thegovernmentwillsupervisetheproject;theprojectcominguptostandardyetnotbeingapproved,theenterprisewillsupervisethegovernment)yproceedingfromthecapacitysizetobringtheconstructionofnewprojectsundercontrolwillsuppressthrdofinvestmentprojects....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByHouYongzhi,GaoShijiandLiuPeilin,ResearchTeamon"AScientificDevelopmentEvaluationSystem",DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo62,2012Establishingthescientificdevelopmentevaluationsystemanddesigningaseriesofmeasurableobjectiveandsubjectiveindicatorsreflectingtheessentialrequirementofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentisanimportantwaytopromotesubstantialchangeofthedevelopmentpatternandpropelscientificdevelopment,andalsoaneffortonfundamenta,onlyacceptedbysociety,,contradictionsofimba"people-centered,balancedandsustainable"development,wemust,basedontheoreticalanalysis,learnfromavailabledevelopmentevaluationmethodsbothathomeandabroad,toacceleratetheestablishmentoftheunitorsystemevaluatingscientificdevelopment,wemusthavemoreprofoundunderstandingabouttheconnotationofthescientificoutlookondevelopment,andtranslatethecore,essentialelements,,weregardscientificdevelopmentas"people-centered,efficient,fairandsustainable".developmentshndevelopmentfromaholisticperspectiveandbyconnectingtheprinciplethat"developmentisthetoppriority"andthefeatureof"beingpeople-centered,balancedinanall-aroundandsustainableway".Without"beingpeople-centered"asthecore,wecanhardlydistinguish"developmentisthetoppriority"fromdevelopmentalism,highlighttheuniquesocialistdevelopmentpatternwithChinesecharacteristics,nomicdevelopmentandthatdevelopmentisofparamountimportanceintoday’eultimatepurposeofdevelopment,whichistocreateconditionsfortheultimaterealizationofthe"absoluteliberalizationofpeople"and"all-aroundfreedevelopmentofpeople","putting-peoplefirst",inthecurrentstage,workingisatoolforpeopletoearnaliving,ratherthantheprimarydemandoflife;therefore,wecanhardlyrealizethe"absoluteliberalizationofpeople",thescientificoutlookondevelopmentisanapproa,theeconomicgrowthrateshouldmaintainahighlevelinthelongrunsoastocontinuces,fasteconomicdevelopmentshouldbebasedontheoptimizedstructure,llymotivateallsocialmembers’enthusiasm,initiative,creativityanddynamisminstartingupbusinesswithinnovation,byestablishingsystemsandmechanismsbasedonequalopportunities,rightsandrules,sothatthemassescanfullyparticipateintheprocessofindustrialization,urbanizationandm,minimumsecurityshouldbeprovidedtothoselosingthecapabilityofworkandthosetemporarilyinneedofassistanceduetobusinessorologicalprogressSustainabledevelopmentconcernstheequalitybetweengenerations,andthekeyforsustainabledevelopmentistobalancethelivin,torealizesustainabledevelopmentandleaveenoughresourcesandspaceforlivingforfuturegenerationsdoesn’mToestablishtheindicatorsystemevaluatingthescientificdevelopment,weshould,firstofall,understandproblemsinChina’sdevelopment,weaknessesandstrengthsofavailabletheoreticalexplorationandpracticalexperienceinestablishingthedevelopmentevaluationsystem,andthenformulatescientificandrationalprinciplestodesignthes,Ch,thisprogressisfarfrommeetingtherequirementofscientificdevelopment,asinsufficientimportanceisattachedtopeopleandthedevelopmentshouldbemoreefficient,,manyregionsanddeparspectsofdevelopment,someonlocaldevelopmentorspecificdepartments,andctedbyothercountriessuchasBhutan,theUKandAustraliaandrelevantinternationalinstitutionsincludingtheUnitedNations(UN),theOrganizationofEconomicCooperationandDevelopment(OECD),emofscientificdevelopment,butcannotbedirectlyusedtoevaluateChina’:first,thereisnocleartheoreticalconnectionbetweenindicatorsselectedindomesticresearchandexplorationandthescientificoutlookondevelopment;second,thereisstillagapbetweenindicatorsselectedininternationalresearchandexplorationandChina’kondevelopmentandbysummarizingexperiencesintheoreticalandpracticaleffortsbothathomeandabroad,thispaperherebyproposessomebasicideasandprinciplestodesigntheevaluationindicatorsystem.。

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